USA [U.S.A] / Country of immigrants

It is the only world power recognized by the United States and the world to stand out overwhelmingly in almost every field of human life. Even though China is emerging as a competitor, it is still considered an uncompetitive region of external forces if it does not have its own collapse. However, it is an object of universal jealousy, exposed to terrorism, racial problems, gun problems, national debt problems, gap between rich and poor, conflict between classes, conflict between liberals and conservatives, and so on. The United States is the strongest country in the world.

The United States, the world's strongest
The United States of America, Washington D. C. [Washington, District of Columbia] is the capital of the United States, which gained independence from the British colonies on July 4, 1776 and has a history of 240 years. It has a population of 330 million and covers 982,630 square kilometers, ranking third in the world after Russia and Canada. The history of immigration began when the Pilgrims, a nation of immigrants, settled in New England in 1620 after leaving England on the Mayflower in search of religious freedom. With the entry of the Mexican society in the 1800s, the number of immigrants rose to 30,000, and in the 1840s, when a potato famine broke out in Ireland, an average of 250,000 people came to the eastern United States on average. The Chinese joined in the 1860 and Eastern European immigrants in the 1880s. In the 1900s, people from all over the world came to the United States, becoming a melting pot for the population and a driving force for America today.

In the United States, where freedom is regarded as the greatest value, religion consists of Protestants [51 %] and Catholics [24 %]. The U.S. and the Federal Republic, known as the birthplace of democracy, presidential system, and other political systems, have the only presidential system that has a successful system. Congress has 100 Senate seats for six years, 435 House seats for two years, and major political parties for the Republican Party and the Democratic Party. It has 1.5 million troops and annual defense spending is 603 billion dollars, which is a combined global military expenditure. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, China (1.4 billion) and India (1.3 billion) have the third largest population of 330 million, and as a melting pot of races, it has 63.7 percent of other white people, 16.3 percent, and 12.6 percent of black people. The U.S. is the only one of the world's largest defense nations to miss any of them, including politics, economy, society, science, space, aerospace, military and financial sports.

A world economic leader
While there are many rumors that the U.S. power is not as strong as before, some say that China has surpassed the U.S. in terms of purchasing power. But the U.S. economic power, the status of the dollar and military power are unsurpassed. The power of the country is represented by economic power, and its value is converted into money, which in turn depends on the status of the key currency. The U.S. dollar is also the only global currency to function as a distinct key currency recognized by the industry. Japan, which gave the status of the world's second largest economy to China, lost from the so-called Abenomics [Abenomics] to the economic policies of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party on December 16, 2012. However, the effects are completely reversed by Korea, which has been dragging the overall economy along with slowing exports. The U.S. dollar, which maintains the status of the key currency, and China, which has become the world's second-largest economy, are also emerging as a super currency. As the price of raw materials including gold has declined due to the strong dollar, oil prices have also been weak, raising complaints from OPEC, the main oil producer. On the other hand, countries that oppose the unilateral U.S. dollar policy are issuing special drawing rights to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and there are various key currency diversification opinions.

The United States is also the world's largest trading power. According to the World Trade Statistics and Forecast data, the total export and export of goods by the United States in 2016 was ranked first with $ 3.70 trillion. China ranked second with $ 3.685 trillion in exports. In the 676 major countries, India trades with China at $ 578.3 billion, Taiwan at $ 5.85 billion, Canada at $ 548.8 billion, Mexico at $ 525.1 billion, and Japan at $ 1954 billion. The U.S. defense budget is 603 billion dollars as of fiscal year 2018 [October 2017 to September 2018]. China is one trillion yuan, while Japan is 5.51 trillion yen.

Power Games between the U.S. and China
The United States still has unique power in all aspects of the world. The power of the United States can be seen in Harvard University Professor Martin Feldstein's paper, Why is the United States richer than other countries? The following is a summary of the 10 points chosen by Professor Feldelstein. Entrepreneurship, financial systems, the world's best university, flexible labor market, population growth, long - strength labor culture, abundant energy, favorable regulatory environment, small government, and politics that compete among states. With the end of the Cold War system, which was at the height of the U.S.-centered democracy and Russia, the international situation is on the verge of a power game between the U.S. and China. It is keen to compete for supremacy in Latin America, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, East Asia and North Korea, all over the world. The field is also diverse in trade, finance, exchange rate, international organization, human rights, immigration, climate agreement, nuclear weapons and conventional weapons. In particular, the organization is focusing its efforts on taking the initiative in international organizations, following the existing IMF, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, and the WB World Bank.

The Trump administration's foreign policy and U.S. role in the international financial market.
The international financial market was shaken by the election of D. Trump, who broke expectations of a crushing defeat in the 2016 presidential election, which clearly broke the U.S. priority with the slogan " Make America Great Again " and " America First. " Trump, who took office as the 45th president of the United States on January 20, 2017, was born in Queens, New York on June 14, 1946 as the fourth child of three sons and two daughters of German immigrants. After graduating from the New York Military Academy, the University of Fordham, and the University of Pennsylvania, he inherited his business from his father, who is a real estate businessman, and earned 4.5 billion dollars in real estate projects including the Trump Tower, a golf course, on 5th Avenue. You are fired!I was famous for ']. She won the presidential election by defeating Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton, who served as the first lady of the U.S. and former U.S. secretary of state. In all respects, the policy for Americans has the highest priority. Key policies include automatic growth of 4 % annual economic growth, creation of 25 million jobs, reduction of corporate and income taxes, increase of infrastructure investment, renegotiation of TPP and abolition of international taxes, Obama care, While the Trump administration is interested in what to choose, the U.S. has been making a sharp move to the Middle East in its foreign policy toward China. The second Obama administration also chose Asia [Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia] as its first bilateral and multilateral diplomacy after winning the presidential election in November 2012. It could have been seen as a check against China, which connected Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, the Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar and India.

While major economic policies of the Trump administration appear to be dominated by protectionism, the Obama administration's economic policies, led by the rich tax cut [and the U.S. ` Mank geumyung (2009 Harvard University professor Mank eun). However, it took a considerable amount of time and patience as they were both structural and lack of solutions.

When talking about the United States, the U.S. Fed can not be omitted. The following are some of the U.S. monetary and monetary policies from the Fed Chairman. First of all, in the United States, the nomination of B.Leven. Bernanke.I was able to read economic policies. Since Bernanke's death, the first female chairman, J. Yellen, who is considered to be the president of the U.S. economy, has also received attention. Jerome Powell, who took office in 2018, is paying attention to the Fed chairman. Paul Bolker, chairman of the Fed in the 1979 to 1987, raised the Federal Fund's annual interest rate to 20 % to catch inflation in the U.S., dropping inflation to the level of 4 %, the foundation of economic boom in the Reagan era.

While the world is paying keen attention to what kind of economic policies and trumpnomics of Trump, which was newly launched in January 2017, are likely to emerge, major economic teams and other candidates were interested. The Trump administration has submitted China to Congress at the time of its inauguration. Our country is no exception, and there seems to be less and less room between China and the United States, and there are not many options. The U.S. government's net foreign exchange rate manipulation average is over 20 billion U.S. dollars in trade surplus against the U.S. [China 3210, Germany 711, Japan 552, Korea's 21 billion dollars], and 3 percent in current account surplus with GDP [Taiwan 14.8, Switzerland]. Two out of three are included in our country. One of the key policies of the Trump administration is a tax reform. It will lower the maximum tax rate of 35 percent of corporate tax to 20 percent and personal income tax to four levels (12-25-35-39.6 percent) from the current seven levels. In this case, they receive 12 percent of individuals up to $ 45000, 25 percent of individuals to $ 200,000, and more than $ 500,000 from individuals to $ 500,000.

Meanwhile, the 44th U.S. President [Jaim 2009-2017], who will be remembered as one of the top U.S. presidents with a high approval rating of nearly 50 percent until the end of his term, resigned on January 20, 2017. While in office, the economic growth rate jumped 3.5 percent from 2.8 percent in the first year of his term to overcome the 2008 global financial crisis, and the unemployment rate decreased to 15.6 million new jobs, down from 7.8 percent in 2009. By actively intervening in racial discrimination and Middle East issues, he contributed to regional stability and maintained good relations with Korea especially during his tenure.

President Bush in the Gulf War [G.H.W. Bush], the Kosovo War [B.Clinton] in 1991, the war in Afghanistan [G.W. Bush] in 2001,

▣ American Power, Conditions for Key Calls

There are three main conditions for 貨 key currency ., the currency underlying international trade payments or transactions in the international financial market. The currency of a country with a certain level of economic scale, military power and trade stability can play a role. In that regard, the United States has met these three conditions almost perfectly, and the dollar is now serving as a key currency. The 19-trillion-dollar U.S. economy, which accounts for 25 percent of the world's GDP, is still maintaining its status as the world's largest economy despite China's strong pursuit. It is also serving as a global police officer with 700 billion dollars in military expenses, which is the sum of the rest of the world's military expenditures. With the U.S. Fed at the center, stable monetary policy and drastic policy decisions are driving global economic growth. With the efforts of the U.S. government, the dollar has remained stable as an international currency to the point that it can not be compared with the euro, the British pound, and the Chinese yuan, which are products of the 28 countries ' integration. Based on BIS's global trade payment currency in 2017, it accounted for 39.8 percent of the U.S. dollar, 33.1 percent of the euro, 7.4 percent of the British pound, 3.1 percent of the Japanese yen, 1.9 percent of the Canadian dollar, and 1.9 percent of the Chinese yuan. Based on the IMF 2017 data, the U.S. dollar accounts for 64 percent of the total currency reserves of 11 trillion dollars, followed by the euro of 1.6 trillion dollars, the British pound of 4.4 percent, and the Japanese yen of 4.2 percent. The euro [EUR], the Japanese yen [JPY], the British currency [GBP], the Swiss krone [CAD], the Swedish currency, called the dollar index ((Y) in the international financial market. The United States, which enjoys the post-world World War II song " Pax Britania " from " Parks Romana, " has a huge presence in the international financial market through dollars.

The world economy is a U.S.-centered North American Free Trade Agreement [NAFTA], the European Union [EU], Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation [APEC], ASEAN [ASEAN], and the Gulf Cooperation Council [GCC]. By country, the world's largest economy with a GDP of $ 19 trillion, the EU with GDP equal to the United States with 28 countries, and China with a GDP of $ 13.5 trillion in 2011. As shown above, the status of the key currency is the U.S. dollar for the time being, and the alternative currencies, including SDR, are expected, but are still considered to be a matter of the future. Other currencies, the Chinese yuan, the British pound and the Japanese yen, are not yet comparable to the dollar. The reality is that the Korean won is still far behind the international currency.
Meanwhile, the United States ' power is the largest in the UN [$ 1.3 billion, United Kingdom's top 15 countries [4.5 billion], [France's $ 600 million], Japan's [9.7 %, 2.7 billion dollars].

U.S.-South Korea relations
It is no exaggeration to say that the U.S. is holding the death line of Korea, which is surrounded by powerful countries such as China, Russia, North Korea and Japan. In addition to economic and military ties, the alliance has developed into a inseparable relationship in all aspects of history, culture, politics and society. The geopolitical importance of the Korean Peninsula is growing even higher when the ship meets China. We have in fact gained a lot from President B. Obama, who values and cares about Korea more than any other U.S. president, although it will be in line with U.S. interests. However, it is expected that the U.S. will pursue a policy centered on its own country in a situation where there is no link between Trump and Trump.

Korea is the second largest economy in terms of trade to GDP after 86 percent in Germany, accounting for an absolute share of economic growth. Mexico (73 percent), France (61 percent), Britain (57 percent), China (41 percent), Japan (37 percent), and the U.S. (28 percent). The trade volume between Korea and the United States stood at $ 69.8 billion in exports, $ 44 billion in imports, $ 25.8 billion in trade surplus and $ 29.8 billion in trade surplus in 2016.Hong Kong followed with $ 304-15-289 billion in export - trade balance, Vietnam 278-98-18 billion and Japan with $ 256-459 - deficit of $ 203 billion. It is possible to read the percentage of Korea's total exports of 526.8 billion dollars, imports of 436.5 billion dollars, and trade balance of 90.3 billion dollars in 2015. B. Obama, who is friendly with Korea, mentioned the way of education in Korea whenever he heard about education, and certainly filled Korea with good things like UN Secretary General, World Bank President [WB], and Ambassador to the United States. In the future, however, there are concerns over Trump's pressure on the U.S. to increase defense spending, strengthen the won's currency, open the market and retaliate. The world is watching with great interest in the foreign and economic policies of the 70-year-old strategist Trump's administration, which was elected after many ups and downs. As the leader of the global economy, he is once again expecting the role of the U.S. President in a global crisis.

Meanwhile, President Trump made his first trip to Asia in November 2017. Japan (5 to 7 days) – Korea (7 to 8 days) – China (8 to 10 days) – Vietnam (10 to 12 days, APEC) – Philippines (12 days) Only South Korea stayed for two days and two nights and three nights. The key issues related to South Korea were renegotiating the North Korean nuclear issue ②, renegotiation of the Korea-U.S. FTA, sharing the defense expenses, ④ Trade pressure [exchange rate] ⑤ resetting Korea-U.S. relations.
Relations between South Korea and the United States in 2018 have finally led to the U.S.-U.S. summit. Following the two inter-Korean summits in April and May 2018, the Singapore and North America summit in June became a global issue. It seems that the wall of 70 years after the Korean War in 1950 is slowly being lifted. The main goals of the talks are complete denuclearization and North Korea's recognition of its regime. Through the summit, the United States aims to fundamentally eliminate the North Korean nuclear threat and also to check China on the Korean Peninsula. I realize once again that the global power of the U.S. is strong and the fate of the Korean peninsula is still in the hands of the United States.