Chae Dong-sun, the pioneer of folk music

Chaedongsun Jageum (violin) recital, hosted by the university's curator, was held not only at the public hall of Janggok but also at the time of the opening ceremony.
Chae Dong-sun, who returned to Korea in September 1929 after six years of studying in Germany, held a solo concert on November 28. His performance is said to have created a real sensation. February 2 was the day when Chae Dong-sun died 65 years ago. He died at the age of 52 from illness he gained from a tough Busan evacuation just months before the Korean War truce in 1953.
Chaedongseon of Joseon Japanese musician when members of the music scene, the Japanese occupation when scab, ' as in music that did not give into it a pioneer of traditional Korean music.
Chae Dong-sun was born on June 11, 1901 in Bulgyo, Bosung-gun, South Jeolla Province. After graduating from Suncheon public school, he moved up to Seoul to attend Gyeonggi High School in Gyeonggi Province. When he went to Hong Nan-pa's violin solo in 1918, he was impressed and started his career as a musician while learning the violin from him. However, he was expelled from Japan after participating in the March 1 Independence Movement in 1919, and graduated from the Department of English Literature at Severance University in 1924.
Chae Dong-sun, who left for the United States to study English and economics, went to Germany to study music in earnest and returned to Germany to study violin and composition in 1929. After returning home, he worked as a violinist and composer. He had four violin solos until 1939, including a solo concert in Seoul. In 1932, he created the Korea's first string quartet, Chae Dong-sun Chamber Music, and taught music theory and violin at YeonhuI College. On February 11, 1930, when the Joseon Musical Association was established, it was active with Hyun Je-myeong, Hong Nan-pa and others.
In 1932, he held the first creative presentation in Korea at the Hasegawa Hall in Sogong-dong, Seoul. His pieces, including the first G minor, were released at the event. He introduced western music and created songs that capture national sentiment. His songs have well illustrated ethnic and regional characteristics. The first collection was published in 1937.
Japanese occupation the end of many activities to adapt to the war a musician, but chaedongseon is reject it and went into retreat. He bought the land in Suyu-ri near Seoul to grow vegetables, garden water, and plants. He walked from his house in Seongbuk-dong to Suyu-ri, farming by day, and building Korean folk songs and traditional Korean music by night without changing their names.
Upon liberation, Chae Dong-sun started his career in earnest. Chae Dong-sun emphasized the unity of nationalist musicians. He founded the Korea Music Association in 1945 and served as chairman. In August 1946, the Korea Symphony Orchestra premiered his musical song joseon Joseon .. In 1948, he organized the Goryeo choir.
He produced many works during this period. He has released patriotic works, breaking away from his pre-demoration lyrical and " The Song of Mugunghwa " and " The Song of Mugunghwa " were included in the songs of Kantata who sang " The Country of Independence, " " The Han River, " and " The Song of the Korean National Foundation Day. "
As cultural activities, he appointed the vice chairman of the Korea Writers Association (1947), the president of the Korea Compositor Association (1947), the Seoul Metropolitan Council (1947), the vice president of the National Association of Culture (1949), and the art commissioner of Korea. After liberation, she taught at Gyeonggi Girls ' High School, and in 1952, she taught German at Seoul National University's College of Commerce and Women's University.
Chae Dong-sun wrote a song in ' Home ', a poem written by Jeong Ji-yong, in 1933.
" Back in their hometown, / where they were singing, they heard the bird with their eggs.
Chae Dong-sun, who returned home from studying abroad, reportedly wrote the song because he was heartbroken when he saw his dream hometown being trampled under Japanese colonial rule. Chaedongseon wrote poems for Jung, " Perfume, " " Abcheon, " " The Wild Field Man, " " Another Sky, " and " Another Sun. " However, as Jeong was kidnapped during the Korean War and the work was banned due to controversy over his activities, he could not release a song featuring Jeong's poems. Jeong's work was returned to Korea in 1988 with a ban on the North Korean writer's entry into the South.
After Chae Dong-sun's death, his wife, who was unable to bury her hometown, asked Lee Eun-sang, who was close to her husband when she was alive, to write a song for her husband.
" Even if you miss me, / I miss you, old lady. / I miss you. / I miss you. / I miss you. / I love you. / I have no place to put my heart / I look at the distant sky ... "
Park Hwa-mok, a poet who fell in love with the melody, also wrote a song titled " Mangyang, " while Lee Kwan-ok, a professor of music at Seoul National University, wrote the lyrics and sang " I miss home. " Eventually, it became a song with one tune and four lyrics.
Japanese occupation from traditional music and folk songs for the Junk bonds, with his extraordinary passion is chaedongseon the excavation. This work continued after liberation. The pansori " Chunhyangga " and the folk song " Chunhyangga " were translated into music pieces. He also arranged " Birds, birds, blackbirds, " " Seoul Arirang, " " Jindo Arirang, " " Balloon Balloon, " " Heungtorg Taoing, " and " BannorI. "
Chae Dong-sun, a businessman who acquired a bribe from a friend during his refuge in Busan, is said to have failed to sell a pack of cigarettes all day due to his naive nature. He died of malnutrition and retinitis after suffering from manual labor, saying he had been carrying out canned food and chips in a corner of the international market. The last piece, " The Song of Mugunghwa, " is said to have been made by drawing five lines on a white piece of paper because it does not have any paper.
Before leaving for refuge, Chae Dong-sun put his pieces of music in a jar and wrapped them with metal plates and buried them in his yard in Seongbuk-dong. It was not until the 10th anniversary when his wife found them in 1963. In February 1964, Chaedongseon, a collection of unpublished works, was published. In 1980, a collection of musical pieces by Chae Dong-sun was published.
In 1989, Bosung-gun built a monument in Bulgyo Park. In 2007, a concert hall in Chaedongseon was opened in Bulgyo. I ‘hometown’, ‘memories’, ‘Camellia flower’, ‘in the window.’, ‘East Sea’ and ‘gull’ chaedongseon is beautiful songs be sung and leave.
The traces of Chae Dong-sun as a pioneer of folk music suggest a lot to us today. In the days when many musicians created music for Japan, Chae Dong-sun, a musician who resisted colonial rule and practiced national spirit, played the emotions of our people through music without being swayed. Indeed, I would like to say that it is a great tree to remember in our musical history.
[Global Korea Center Advisor]